Magnolia Tree Definitive Guide: Types, Planting, and Care

Richard Bogren , Kirk-Ballard, Heather. Heather Kirk-Ballard. Its flowers truly are grand, and most trees are now fully set with blooms that have begun opening and will continue to open during the next few weeks, filling the air with a wonderful fragrance and revealing their large, white, showy flowers. One fun fact about magnolias: The two oldest trees found on the grounds of the White House are two Southern magnolias that were planted by Andrew Jackson in the s in memory of his wife, Rachel, who died two weeks after he won the election. Magnolias are one of the most ancient and primitive of the flowering plant families with fossil records dating back 60 million years. Thought to predate the bee, these flowers were originally pollinated by beetles. Instead of nectar, the flowers produce large quantities of pollen that the beetles use for food. According to the Magnolia Society International, there are more than species of magnolias and thousands of cultivated varieties. Eight of the species are native to the United States.

Magnolia Trees

This is important for many reasons, not the least being that they resent being moved. The trees do not have a tap root but their fibrous roots are sensitive to disturbance. Do your best to choose a sunny position away from strong cold winds. Magnolias can tolerate frost, however a late frost in spring could damage the emerging flower buds. The soil must be free draining and if possible rich with organic matter. If your soil is poor, add some compost, rotted leaf mould or peat and mix in well.

Of all hardy flowering trees and shrubs, magnolias, with their large waxy The long blooming period of Magnolia liliiflora ‘Nigra’ makes it a.

Iolanthe Large, fully-cupped flowers with pink outer petals and an ivory centre. Perfect for Sydney’s climate and makes a sensational small tree, growing to a height and width of 3m. Rustica Rubra Raised at the end of the 19th century in Boskoop, Holland. It blooms in mid-season with flowers that are reddish-purple in bud, opening to pink-white in a classic goblet shape. Royal Star White star-shaped blooms with a sweet honey fragrance.

Best for tubs, lovely rounded shrub grows to 2 x 2m and flowers in late spring. Other hybrids include ‘Waterlily’, which has large white flowers and ‘Rosea’, which is blush-pink. Dolly Horn Medium-sized tree that flowers when young. The blooms have wide-cupped petals, rounded and sensual, in translucent-white, with soft pink veining and a blush-pink base.

Heaven Scent Upright in its growth habit, with fragrant lavender-pink flowers that are white inside, with pretty in-rolled margins on the petals. This variety flowers when young, sprouting scented, deep pink to ruby-red petals that are uniform in tone. Atlas A spectacular tree, with blooms that open in the shape of a cognac glass and measure 20cm across. The outside of the petal is pink, with a deep blush at the base, while the interior is ivory-white.

Upright when young, the tree rounds out with age to 6m and flowers at an early age.

How to Identify Magnolia Trees

Often considered classic trees and shrubs symbolizing the South, Magnolia is a remarkably diverse genus of plants that includes many species suitable for colder climates. Magnolias are generally known for having large, leathery leaves and impressive white or pink flowers that appear very early in spring—often before the leaves even emerge. Magnolias can be evergreen or deciduous, depending on where they are growing. Some species are multi-stemmed shrubby plants, while others are classic upright trees that are quite massive in size.

Some species change their growth habits depending on climate and environment.

Everything you need to know about growing the magnificent magnolia tree. Magnolia Tree Varieties. Magnolia grandiflora. The first and Southern Magnolia Tree (Magnolia grandiflora). These are the Star Magnolia (Magnolia stellata).

Magnolia flowers belong to the Magnoliaceae family and have around species. Fossilised specimen of one type of magnolia dated 20 million years while another dates back 95 million years. Magnolia flowers can live for a century or more. It is believed that they have evolved to encourage pollination by beetles. A type of saucer magnolia, it has white tulip-shaped petals that are flushed with a purple-pink color at the base and large, dark green leaves that perfectly complement the petals.

Preferring full sun and partial shade, this tree has fragrant flowers and is perfect for small gardens, as well as landscapes of all sizes. With willow-like petals that are a beautiful shade of white, this type of magnolia grows up to six inches wide and sometimes has a pink tinge at the base. Its fragrance is lemony and slightly anise in scent, and its leaves are copper-red to start out with and have whitened undersides, then they fade to a beautiful shade of golden yellow in the Fall.


Everything you need to know about growing the magnificent magnolia tree. Undoubtedly one of the most stunning additions to any ornamental garden landscape, the majestic magnolia tree is as lovely as it is easy to care for. While it’s almost impossible to resist the allure of the storied magnolia blossom, with its dramatic forms and intoxicating fragrance, the tree itself is a hardy and sculptural beauty.

The dense, waxy magnolia foliage provides an attractive contrast to those gorgeous blooms while creating shelter for migratory birds.

One of the largest types of magnolia trees, this tree grows up to fifty feet in height and loves slightly acidic, moist soil. Also called the Chinese Magnolia, this plant is one of the smallest saucer magnolias and Royal Star (Magnolia stellata​).

The Shaw house is located on a narrow waterfront property on the south shore of English Bay. Views from the site stretch across the bay to Planting for privacy – another unique idea for a living bamboo screen. White wall could be painted any colour to highlight the varigated trunks. Pleached trees in grey planters. Dark grey decking edged with low planting.

12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs

To see pictures or additional information about a particular plant, click its name. It might be surprising for many South Carolinians to learn that our state is host to seven species and two varieties of Magnolia. In reality, these numbers and wide range are misleading, as a vast majority of the world’s Magnolia taxa are in rare and endangered status in most of those countries, including 3 of our own South Carolina Magnolias.

Umbrella magnolias get their name from the false whorls of leaves that are produced at the branch tips in early spring, imparting an umbrella-like appearance. The umbrella magnolias include Fraser magnolia Magnolia fraseri , pyramid magnolia M. The most common of these, Magnolia fraseri, is endemic to the southern Appalachians, and is common in forests along the foothills and mountains of Pickens, Oconee and Greenville counties.

Magnolias come in many varieties, some suitable for cooler climates. Magnolias are somewhat unique among flowering trees and shrubs in their Southern magnolia is a large evergreen tree that needs lots of space. Star magnolia is deciduous small tree or large shrub that produces star-shaped.

Find out how to grow stunning magnolia trees in your garden and discover the best magnolia varieties. Photo By: DoreenWynja. Photo By: Bailey Nurseries Inc. Photo By: Julie Martens Forney. The signature fragrant flowers can stop traffic and will make you want to tuck magnolias into every corner of your yard. Magnolias are as versatile as they are beautiful, making it easy to find one that suits your growing conditions.

Discover the range of magnolia magnificence, starting with the timeless Southern magnolia, above, offered as a dwarf form. Hardy in Zones Star magnolia bursts into bloom in early spring, when the first daffodils are just starting to show color. Blossoms unfurl before leaves, staging a stunning show. Star magnolias flower best in full sun but tolerate part shade they actually benefit from shade during the hottest part of the day in warmest zones.

Evergreen Magnolia

Magnolias Magnolia spp. Of the many species only a few are commonly used as landscaping plants, but they are among the most popular species for creating a focal point in the landscape. Magnolias vary in height from 10 foot patio trees to towering 80 foot canopy trees. There are three main types used in landscaping: two Asian species and one North American species.

All have large dark green leaves with a somewhat tropical appearance that grow anywhere from four to 10 inches in length. They also all share an attractive cone-like seed structure that ripens to reveal bright red seeds in fall.

The complete guide to Southern magnolia trees. Learn more about these Southern favorites below, as well as the different species, hybrids, and M. stellata ‘Rosea’ is also commonly known as “pink star magnolia.”.

Magnolias come from the Magnoliaceae family, and, even though they are native to Eastern and Southern Asia, more specifically to China, they can also be found in the Americas. One important characteristic this species has is that they are survivors, this means that they can and will grow and thrive even in the most difficult conditions. There are many magnolia species, in fact, there are more than species, but the one thing they all have in common is that each one of them has very distinctive yet beautiful blooms.

Magnolias are also known for having a sweet fragrance that could last for days. Magnolia trees usually have very large flowers that can be seen from a distance. The shape of these flowers can be tulip-like or star-shaped, and they can become huge once they open up. Magnolias are truly beautiful. It can be argued that they are a type of flower that everybody recognizes and loves.

Magnolias can grow either as trees or shrubs, and its flowers can be pink, red, yellow, white or purple. Magnolias can be traced back before bees. In other words, magnolias are one of the oldest types of flowers that have ever existed 1. The name Magnolia about after a French botanist called Pierre Magnol, decided to transplant a Magnolia tree to Europe, more than years ago. He was so fascinated with this tree, that it was all he could ever think about.

Pretty Magnolias for Small Gardens

Our evergreen Magnolia stock is looking particularly fabulous! But which variety is best for your design or landscaping project? But which variety is best for which situation? From tallest in height, below is our quick guide to evergreen Magnolia selection. Magnolia grandiflora ‘Exmouth’. Magnolia grandiflora ‘Little Gem’.

Magnolia Trees boast fantastic foliage and flowers that light up spring before any other. We have all the varieties and sizes at an unbeatable price.

Prized worldwide for the beauty of their exquisite flowers and their majestic forms, Magnolias are beloved harbingers of spring, with their parade of showy, fragrant blooms, often on display before they leaf out. While some Magnolias can be large shrubs or trees that could swallow up the average garden, there are quite a few Magnolia cultivars of smaller stature that would fit small yards. Here is a list of Magnolias which are more modestly sized and bloom at an early age.

Most of them are easy to grow and require little maintenance. Plant one these hardy flowering trees and bask year after year in its glory! Perfect for small gardens, Magnolia ‘Ann’ is a slow-growing deciduous shrub or small tree with slightly fragrant reddish-purple flowers in mid to late spring.

Magnolia Trees in Bloom