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South american people dating from 1100 ad

They are called Cuchimilco or Stargazers and are sometimes referred to as Cantadors (singers). 0 — Mexico 400 AD - 650 AD A small pottery Teotihuacan tripod bowl from ancient central Mexico. 5 — Mexico 200 BC - 100 AD An exceptional Chinesco figure from the northern region of ancient Jalisco. 8" across x 3.25" tall 5 — Peru 900 AD - 1350 AD A large Chimu bottle showing strong Lambayeque-Sican influence.

Hollow-bodied and boldly painted in the characteristic Chancay fashion with dark brown-black details against a yellow-cream slip. The bowl has corseted sides and sits on three nubbin feet. A lovely figure depicting a female of the Tpye E, Lagunills style - Bolanos variety. Blackware construction with an ovoid (canteen-like) form, topped by a straight spout and wide looped strap handle.

The function of such sculptures is still unknown, but some scholars believe that they were placed in tombs as companions or guardians of the deceased. One arm has been restored, the head reattached and the break line restored along with some light paint enhancements; otherwise intact and original. A fine example, more finely painted than most and substantial in size. Beautifully polychrome painted with orange-red and dark brown linear designs over a cream-white slip. See page 220 of "Between Continents-Between Seas, Pre-Columbian Art of Costa Rica" for a nearly identical example. Done in the Macaracas style; painted with complex geometric and abstract zoomorphic designs that are divided into four segments. 5 — Peru 1350 AD - 1550 AD An exceedingly rare and exceptional Inca bone poporo (lime dipper & container). From the Northern Coast of Peru, this piece dates to the late Chimu - Inca transitional period, Intermediate to Late Horizon. On the exterior is a wide painted band of eight (8) seated lords. Purchased from in 2001 via consignment by Howard Nowes, Art of Eternity Gallery, NYC. One theory is the birds carry planting sticks and the scene is an agricultural motif.

The surface is nicely burnished to a glossy finish. 0 — Costa Rica 1000 AD - 1550 AD An adorable llama effigy vessel from Costa Rica - Diquis Zone, dating to Period VI. Each section is finely painted with mythological motifs in black and purple against a deep orange-red ground. A poporo this large and elaborately decorated would have been ceremonial and not intended for everyday use. It is beautifully sculpted and realistically executed. Their hands are gesturing forward toward speech scrolls. Sea-bird guano was an important source of fertilizer for crops in ancient Peru. 5 — Peru 800 AD - 1300 AD An unusual Lambayeque blackware stirrup vessel from ancient Peru.

A small ceremonial kill hole drilled into the center. Displays nicely on the custom metal stand which is included. Overall an exceptionally large and extensively adorned figure that displays dramatically. The two larger examples are Chimu (possibly Moche). Although restored, it appears near choice and displays well on the custom metal display stand (included). A fine example and a rare type that is substantial in size. In good condition with one claw partially restored and another reattached. The vessel sits on a low base and is topped by an arching stirrup handle with slightly flared spout, indicative of Phase III. 5 — Peru 900 BC - 200 BC A large Chavin bottle (vessel) from the northern highlands of ancient Peru, dating to the Formative Period. The blades flare at the end to crescent shape and a sharp edge. The top section is divided into quadrants each with a central figure. The spout is in the form of a penis with the strap handle attached to the side. One whistle has been returned to working order, the other is non-functioning. The Abrams made their fortune in the publishing business and were avid collectors of fine art and artifacts. Much of their collection was donated to numerous museums. Constructed of reddish earthenware covered overall in a cream slip with red, orange and black painted designs, typical of the type. Approx 4.5" tall x 6.5" across 5 — West Mexico 200 BC - 100 AD A Chinesco seated female figure from the Nayarit region of Western Mexico. The two shown here are incomplete; each is missing a portion of one side. The beaded feather assemblages are repeated along the top of the headdress along with tassels and circular appliques with carved geometric designs. In one hand is a spherical object, likely representing a pottery vessel. 0 — Ecuador 300 BC - 500 AD A Bahia vessel from ancient Ecuador. 0 — El Salvador 400 AD - 700 AD A Maya glyph bowl dating to the Classic Period. Both arms are extended upward in a welcoming gesture. 00 — Peru 900 AD - 1200 AD A Chancay woven textile panel from ancient Peru. The central image is divided by a red band, half in a curving serpent-like design, the other half in a basket-weave pattern. The lower half of the vessel has incised geometric designs known as the 'flame-brow' motif. The flame-brow design originated on Olmec pottery from approximately 1000 years earlier and has also been seen on Maya vessels of eastern Mesoamerica. The surface is an orange buff terracotta with a few areas of fire clouding. A superb example that is larger than most of this type and displays dramatically. The lid which covers the opening is probably not original to the piece, but was acquired from the same collection. The vessel can be displayed without the lid if desired. A personification of God III (G3) from the Palenque Triad. In near choice condition with small rim chips, minor scapes and dings otherwise intact and original. A wide multi-layered necklace with a large pectoral featuring a standing figure. In very good condition with moderate paint loss and deposits, but both are intact and unbroken with no repairs or restoration. A 'fabric' band across the chest and the loincloth at the waist are relief carved with complex geometric designs representing the patterns of woven textiles. A classic example of Chavin pottery with a combination of textured and smooth surface decoration. Made from highly polished black anthracite stone as is typical of this type of mirror. Displays well on the custom metal display stand which is included as shown. 3' (Chapter III) by Seiichi Izumi from Tokyo University for additional info and similar examples from the Shillacoto site in Huanuco, Peru. The interior of the base is unrestored (glued only). 5 — Peru 1100 AD - 1450 AD An unusual Chimu - Inca blackware Achira vessel from ancient Peru. It enabled them to induce shamanic trances and visions. Carlos Museum at Emory Universtiy, Atlanta, Georgia. 12" tall on stand 50 — Guatemala - Honduras 600 AD - 900 AD Very large Maya stone pendant dating to the Classic Period. Restoration to a small area of the lower corner, else intact. 3.5" tall on stand - Celt 2 (right) - Carved from green stone with earthen deposits and light surface staining. Both have a heavily oxidized surface as would be expected. The burnished blackware surface shows light mineral and earthen deposits.

Scattered root marks, light pitting and mineral deposits present. A two inch original shard has been reattached at the rim with break line restored. The smaller has a handle that is less flared and dates to a later Inca-transitional period. A few small rim chips also restored, otherwise intact and original. Covered overall in a yellow-tan slip with the figural scene and base enhanced by a contrasting red-brown color. A small hole and crack just below the handle on one side have been restored. An elegant form with a wide flat base, the body has slightly rounded sides that slope gently to a tall tapering neck and spout with a flared rim. Both show signs of extensive use and have darkened patinas. Two human figures with arms held upward and wearing crescent shaped 'solar' headdresses along with two monkeys (or felines) shown in profile also wearing solar headdresses. At the base of the handle are two ball-shaped objects (appearing as testicles) which form the whistles. A crack in the main body has been stabilized and restored. Minor scrapes and dings present along with deposits and some fire clouding. The remainder was later sold through various art auctions in NYC. A flared bowl sits atop three large jaguar heads, each containing their original rattle balls. The figure is of hollow construction with red, tan and black painted and burnished surface. 0 — Peru 400 AD - 600 AD A large and impressive Moche Phase IV portrait vessel from the Northern Coastal region of ancient Peru. 50 — Costa Rica - Panama 1100 AD - 1450 AD An unusual pottery vessel in the form of an armadillo. 5 — Peru 1000 AD - 1400 AD A Chancay painted bowl from ancient Peru. Outside of the obvious losses, they are intact with nice deposits. The face and hands are painted in yellow-gold pigment, otherwise covered in a cream-tan slip with deposits and some root marks present. Assembled from original pieces (as is common) with break lines restored and minor losses replaced. In the other hand is a five-lobed ceremonial rattle. 0 — Peru 700 AD - 1000 AD A rare Wari aryballo (water transport vessel) from ancient Peru. The vessel is rounded with a flat bottom and has a flared spout. Rounded bottom with corseted sides; an elegant form. He (she) smiles widely exposing filed teeth and has almond shaped eyes. It depicts a central band of stylized birds with rows of waves (water motif) at the top and bottom. The gently curving sides of the bowl are finely painted in diagonal stripes. The back is completely painted with parallel lines in black on tan. Assembled from approximately six original pieces with breaklines partially restored and slightly visible. The cream colored surface is nicely burnished inside and out with areas of orange and black (fire clouding) on one side. Assembled from three original pieces with breaks restored. Minor surface wear, dings and scratches along with light deposits consistent with age. The surface shows considerable root marks and moderate to heavy deposits. An entity that represents the underworld sun or 'The Sun of the Region of the Dead'. 00 — Costa Rica Two Costa Rican tripod vessels from the Diquis region, circa 300 AD - 700 AD. The legs are decorated with stylized zoomorphic figures. Buff terracotta construction with orange and tan paint. Acquired from an estate collection, an old inventory number (3465) is written in ink on the back of one foot. The head and both arms have been reattached with breaklines restored and the open hand has been replaced, otherwise intact and original. There is stippling overall with a smooth vertical band deeply incised with abstract geometric patterns. Rectangular shape with rounded corners and still retains a nice reflective surface. A piece of one corner appears to have been reattached, but it is all original with some scrapes, minor edge chipping and light wear from age and usage as would be expected. Despite having considerable repairs and restoration, it displays well on the custom metal stand which is included as shown. Achira is a tuber-type plant that is high in starch. During such altered states of consciousness, shamans would communicate with spiritual beings as well as the deceased, and travel on shamanic journeys in the supernatural realm. Nicely carved from a greenish-gray stone in the form of a celt. A few edge chips along with minor scrapes and dings, but overall a nice example and rarely seen in this size. Near excellent condition with restoration to one leg; else intact and choice.

The outer border is decorated with four stylized shields with feathered borders. An impressive example showing an elongated face, pronounced nose, almond shaped eyes, partially open mouth and attenuated arms; all classic traits of the Nayarit style. Assembled from several large original pieces with restored breaks across the face, neck and arms with paint touch ups. All are of typical form with rounded blades and flared handles. The rim of the bowl is incised with geometric patterns and the surface is a lightly burnished rich brown slip. The spout is tall and flares slightly with handles that attach to the upper shoulder. The surface is nicely burnished and has deposits along with minor scrapes and dings. Minor losses replaced and break lines restored, but appears intact. An impressive size that displays dramatically on the custom metal stand that is included. Redware construction covered with areas of burnished cream and red slip. The end of the phallus has been assembled from several original pieces with restored break lines and a small (stable) pressure crack at the rim, otherwise intact. Bat claw effigy vessels are characteristic of later (Period IV) Zapotec artistic style. Vessels of this type were used to store and transport liquids such as water and corn beer (Chicha). See Christopher Donnan's "Ceramics of Ancient Peru" page 103 for a very similar example and additional information. Highly burnished brown-ware construction with scattered deposits. Assembled from several large pieces with restored break lines. He is grasping his opponent and wields a tumi knife. Acquired via inheritance from her mother who was an artist, collector and world travler. Although referred to as 'axes', these were not made for use as weapons, but were chisels (tools) used to shape and carve stone. Also included is a stack of (10 or so) smaller pieces that have been fused together by oxidation. A lovely example from a seldom seen Bolivian culture. The upper half of the vessel is intricately carved. 0 — Ecuador 600 BC - 300 BC A very rare Chorrera erotic whistle vessel from ancient Ecuador. 5 — West Mexico 300 BC - 300 AD Two partial obsidian pectorals. Both flutes are in playable condition with nice tones and have two pierced holes used for suspension around the neck. The face is framed with large slab panels that create a massive headdress. He wears elaborate regalia; the headdress features opposing birds with heads turned backward. 0 — Vera Cruz, Mexico 600 AD - 900 AD A rare and exceptional Sonriente figure from the Remojadas region of ancient Veracruz. 17.5" x 9.5" 5 — West Mexico 200 BC - 400 AD A large Nayarit plate (shallow bowl) from ancient West Mexico. 0 — Mexico 400 AD - 750 AD A Teotihuacan tripod vessel from ancient Mexico. The three gracefully curving legs are decorated with stylized bird heads with long beaks, likely representing the heads of pelicans. A chip on the spout is restored, but it is otherwise intact. A few minor scrapes and dings along with light deposits (consistent with age) as would be expected. Smaller than most of this type, but is a really cute piece that displays well. Some light surface erosion, mainly on the ears and along the bottom. The group contains celt forms, chisels, axes and scrapers. A nice selection of ancient utilitarian stone tools. The elongated snout indicates these are most certainly representations of caimans or possibly alligators. The outer boarder shows stylized glyphs and centipedes. Tripod 1 (left) - Orange terracotta with areas of fire clouding. Tripod 2 (right) - Tan (buff) terracotta with some fire clouding. The vessel sits atop a footed base and has a wide strap handle. Condition is quite good, a hole in the back (under the handle) and rediating cracks have been restored otherwise intact. A wide band of incised geometric forms decorate the midsection and up the back. All are round, spherical shapes and are decorated with two small zoomorphic adornos. The headdress is incised across the forehead and flows gracefully over the head and down the shoulders. These rare figural ollas are attributed to the late period, Southern Maya. Several chips along the base, but is otherwise intact with no repairs or restoration. Adorned with circular ear spools and a necklace of graduated disk beads. This very rare mirror dates to the Wairajirca-Kotosh Period. His arms are raised in a gesture which indicates he is in an induced state of shamanic transformantion. The fruits are accented with red and black stripes delicately painted over a backround of cream slip. Condition is somewhat poor with moderate to heavy restoration. The lime pot and dipper would have been used for the ingestion of Coca or other hallucinogenic substances. They reflect the belief that shamans used such instruments to travel to other realms of reality. Once covered in a red slip, most of the slip has eroded away to expose bare clay. Displays well on custom metal stand which is included as shown. A large example with an elegant form that displays beautifully. 2" across 5 each or 0 for both — Mexico 500 BC - 100 BC A lovely Chupicuaro blackware vessel.

Tlaloc is generally associated with water and is known as the 'Maya Rain God'. This frontal view of Tlaloc is much more rare; a depiction thought to be associated with war/warfare. The cheeks and lower jaw are covered in wide bands indicating facial tattoos. The body and lower legs are decorated with linear and wavy striped patterns representing woven armor. 217 for a very similar example and additional scholarly information. 16.5" tall x 7.75" across 50 — Peru 800 AD - 1200 AD Three ceremonial tumi knives from ancient Peru. The head of the peccary is realistically sculpted and there's a short tail at the rear. One end is decorated with concentric half-circles; the other end has a row of triangles. The bottom shows 'free-form' brushed designs in groups of three. Assembled from six large shards and a dozen or so smaller pieces. He wears ear spools and a head wrap with pierced holes around the top of the vessel. 9" tall x 8" across 50 — Mexico 600 AD - 1000 AD An exceedingly rare Zapotec effigy vessel in the form of a bat claw (foot) from the Monte Alban region of Central Mexico. Buff terracotta construction, nicely painted with geometric designs and stylized sea birds. The rim is decorated with angular and circular forms thought to represent sea dwellers. Ai Apaec is shown here wearing a jaguar headdress and serpent waist wrap (belt). — Peru 1250 AD - 1450 AD Two Inca (Inka) copper axes from the Central Peruvian Highlands. A larger one flanked by 2 medium sized ones are displayed on a custom metal stand. The surface is also slightly clouded by a salt-lime haze which could be cleaned, but is currently in original, as found condition. The stirrup handle is slightly flattened (squared) on the sides and is topped by a straight spout. These ancient musical instruments are constructed with a row of hollow tubes of different lengths that produce a variety of notes. Small in size (very rare) possibly made for a child. In the center is an idealized Teotihuacan-style face wearing circular ear flares and a large nose ornament. Beautifully painted in dark brown-black against a cream ground. Small losses restored on the spout and light paint enhancements, otherwise intact and original. A fine example that displays well on the custom metal stand which is included. A depiction of a Lord or Shaman, certainly a person of importance or high social status. The upper bowl has corseted sides and is decorated with rows of applied and incised designs, topped by a widely flared rim. The larger olla (3.25" tall) has stylized zoomorphic designs. Some surface pitting, mostly around the spouts and handle. Ample mineral and earthen deposits are present overall. The upper part of the spout has been restored, otherwise it is intact and original. All carved from hard-stone of various types and colors. Several show moderate to heavy edge chipping and losses. Each has light to moderate deposits consistent with age. All are in very good condition; intact with some minor surface wear and light deposits. It is substantial in size and displays dramatically. The vessel is rounded in form and has two large, realistically sculpted, saurian-type creatures decorating either side of the top opening. 00 — Mexico 450 AD - 750 AD A rare and exceptional Maya plate from Chipas, Mexico. Typical of the type, all have bulbous bodies, low footed bases and sculpted relief faces. He is seen here flanked by two prone figures representing his descendants; known as the "children of Naymlap". The rounded olla has a flared spout and a head emerging from the side that appears to be a stingray or possibly a stylized human face. Well made and thin walled examples of buff (unpainted) terracotta "bisque ware" pottery, typical of that region. All have minor restoration, mostly rim chips and small cracks restored, but are generally intact and original. Each is on a custom metal tripod stand and display beautifully as a group. His clothing is decorated with incised designs and raised concentric circles. 0 — El Salvador 900 AD - 1200 AD Two Post Classic Lenca vessels from El Salvador. A flared pedestal base carved with open-work designs supports the upper bowl. Heavily weathered surface overall with moderate deposits and only traces of painted decoration visible. The figure is beautifully sculpted and has an expressive face; smiling widely with exposed teeth and almond shaped eyes. — Peru 1200 BC - 1000 BC A superb, early Chavin (most likely Pre-Chavin) stone mirror. The finely detailed figure is shown wearing elaborate regalia, large crescent headdress, ear spools with long tassels, tunic and loin cloth. Some light paint enhancements, otherwise all original and completely intact. Although moderately restored, it is a lovely example. As is often seen in Cocle art, these stylized creatures combine serpent, bird and other elements. Shows some light surface wear as would be expected. In one hand he holds a lime dipper (spatula) also having a human face; in the other he holds a lidded "poporo" (lime pot). Most have deposits, a few are chipped, some with red cinnabar, but generally intact and near choice. Unlike the large wooden slit drums that served as musical instruments, these rare hand-held pottery types were used ritually by shaman to induce and maintain states of trance and give them the ability to change form and move between worlds. Considerable deposits and some fire clouding, mainly on the back. Redware surface, lightly burnished with deposits and minor staining as would be expected. Excellent condition, one tiny rim chip, else intact and choice.

Never broken, it is structurally intact with a surface and patina in an excellent state of preservation, virtually mint. Michael Cichon of 'Cichon Tribal Arts', Sarasota, FL. The squat, spherical body is decorated with a wide central band of angular geometric designs. The figure depicts a seated warrior with one arm resting across the knees, the other arm held up to the towering headdress that forms the top of the vessel. 5 — El Salvador 600 AD - 700 AD A nice Maya bowl from the Pacific slope of El Salvador. The vessel shows a nicely sculpted head and pointy tail. The plate (shallow bowl) sits on the low ring base and the underside is undecorated. Assembled from three large pieces with restored break lines and light paint enhancements. Poporo are lime containers used in the consumption of coca. This monochromatic blackware vessel has a burnished surface with linear areas more highly burnished across the snout to indicate the animal was wearing a harness (domesticated). One small spout chip has been restored, otherwise it is completely intact and original. Light surface wear and a few scrapes and dings as would be expected. The burnished blackware surface shows moderate deposits, light staining and minor weathering. A few tiny spout chips have been restored, otherwise intact. Each side of the vessel shows two relief carved figures in battle.

An old collection inventory number is written on the bottom. These step patterns are thought to be references to stepped pyramids or temple steps; a motif often depicted in their art. Dressed in full battle regalia; he wears a helmet with chin strap, necklace, large ear spools, loin cloth and strap sandals. A style that was inspired by the northern Maya regions, it has two carved (not molded) cartouche medallions. It sits on three slotted legs, two of which still contain the original rattle balls. An attractive example that displays well on the custom metal stand which is included. The coca leaves were ingested by adding a small quantity of powdered lime (ground sea-shells) and folded into a 'quid'. This ritual was typically performed for shamanic purposes as well as to alleviate hunger and altitude sickness. The container has areas of surface loss and some missing shells, but is generally intact and complete. A very nice and well made example that is substantial in size. The most interesting aspect of this vessel is the battle scene. 3.5" tall x 5" across 5 — Ecuador 1000 AD - 1500 AD A large and exceptional Manteno figural tripod vessel from Pre-Columbian Ecuador.

Profusely painted with black bitumen (tar) pigment covering the skin and the vessel along with areas of bare (buff) terracotta. For similar examples and additional information see "Ceremonial Sculpture of Ancient Veracruz" from Long Island University, NY, pages 57 - 59. 50 — Panama 800 AD - 1000 AD Large and impressive Cocle polychrome vase from ancient Panama. The exterior is carved with bold angular and circular designs in vivid red and orange. 5 — Peru 250 AD - 450 AD A lovely Moche blackware stirrup vessel dating to Phase III. These hand-held stone tools were used by fishermen in the weaving and mending of fishnets. The Bat God is shown standing in a defiant pose wielding a club and ready for battle. — Costa Rica 850 AD - 1350 AD A life-sized portrait head from the greater Nicoya region, dating to Period VI. Realistically sculpted with alternating areas of smooth and textured surfaces. Finely made with very thin walled construction from orange-buff terracotta with some reddish-brown burnished slip remaining, mostly on the ring handle. The reverse medallion is similar but slightly different. The practice of 'borrowing' imagery from previous cultures is not common, but has been seen in numerous other Pre-Columbian cultures. Assembled from around a dozen original pieces with small losses replaced and break lines restored. This lovely 'Jicote Polychrome' example is of the Greater Nicoya - Pataky variety and dates to Period VI. The vibrantly painted figure is seated on a stool with hands resting on the knees. Condition is very good, near excellent with a small hairline crack and minor rim chips restored. Around the top of the lower chamber is a band of incised decoration done in a repeating triangular pattern.

In fair condition with repairs and restoration as is typical and would be expected. A tall and beautifully painted vessel done in the Macaracas style; painted with geometric and abstract zoomorphic designs. There are highly stylized stepped pyramids and concentric circles; possibly representing a solar eclipse. The squat, spherical body is beautifully decorated with four spiral designs all carved in high relief. Similar tools have also been found at ancient sites on the Island of La Plata off the coast of Ecuador. Some wear and a couple of tiny chips missing, but it is completely intact and original. The face shows bared teeth and protruding tongue with the eyes and nose enhanced with black bitumen paint. This chocolate-ware 'Belen incised' example has an ovoid form and sits on a footed base. For additional info on this type see pages 92 & 93 of "Seeing with New Eyes" Highlights from the Michael C. Wide stripes containing raised nodes are separated by smooth, burnished bands. The main body is spherical with two narrow vertical slots and is filled with numerous small rattle balls. The burnished surface shows deposits along with minor surface wear as is typical. The form is bulbous at the middle, tapering to a wide spout and sits on a tall footed base. — Peru 200 AD - 500 AD A Recuay standing warrior and llama vessel from the northern highlands of ancient Peru. He wears a loin cloth and elaborate headdress with tasseled flanges and additional complex appliques. Scattered deposits and some very light surface wear. Above that is a domed platform topped by a large seated figure with hands resting on his legs.

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