Stone inscriptions are a ubiquitous element at heritage sites and are key sources for the history of Nepal.
The earliest Western reference to Kathmandu appears in an account of Jesuit Fathers Johann Grueber and Albert d'Orville.
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The structure collapsed during a major earthquake on 25 April 2015.
The colophons of ancient manuscripts, dated as late as the 20th century, refer to Kathmandu as Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap Mahānagar in Nepal Mandala. The city is called "Kāṣṭhamaṇḍap" in a vow that Buddhist priests still recite to this day. During medieval times, the city was sometimes called Kāntipur (कान्तिपुर).
This name is derived from two Sanskrit words – Kānti and pur.
"Kānti" is a word that stands for "beauty" and is mostly associated with light and "pur" means place. Among the indigenous Newar people, Kathmandu is known as Yeṃ Deśa (येँ देश), and Patan and Bhaktapur are known as Yala Deśa (यल देश) and Khwopa Deśa (ख्वप देश).
Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu.According to Swayambhu Purana, present-day Kathmandu was once a huge and deep lake named "Nagdaha", as it was full of snakes.The lake was cut drained by Bodhisatwa Manjusri with his sword, and the water was evacuated out from there.Kotirudra Samhita of Shiva Purana, Chapter 11, shloka 18 refers to the place as Nayapala city, which was famous for its Pashupati Shivalinga.The name Nepal probably originates from this city Nayapala.Tourism is an important part of the economy as the city is the gateway to the Nepalese Himalayas. In 2013, Kathmandu was ranked third among the top ten upcoming travel destinations in the world by Trip Advisor, and ranked first in Asia.Historic areas of Kathmandu were devastated by a 7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25 April 2015.Nepali is the most spoken language in the city, while English is understood by the city's educated residents.CPN-UML's Bidya Sundar Shakya is the Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan city and Hari Prabha Khadgi of Nepalese Congress is the deputy mayor. This temple, also known as Maru Satta: in the Newar language, was built in 1596 by Biseth in the period of King Laxmi Narsingh Malla.Then lord Krishna came to Nepal, killed Banasur, and again drained out the water.He brought some Gopals along with him and made Bhuktaman the king of Nepal.