3.1 million tonnes went east to China via the Atasu-Alashankou pipeline.
The volume of gas exports rose by 7.9% in 2016 to 13.7 bcm.
Given the oil and gas reserves as well as the ever-increasing production volumes, in the foreseeable future, Kazakhstan is much likely to remain among top oil producers.
Total production of oil and condensate – 78 million tonnes in 2016 (2015: 79.5 million tonnes) According to the forecasts of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, oil and condensate production in 2017 will be 81 million tonnes and will gradually grow to 88 million tonnes by 2020 According to the Ministry of Energy’s plan it is expected that 14.5 million tonnes of crude oil will be refined in 2017.
Mangystau province's territory has been benefited by the discovery of more than 70 fields with commercial recoverable reserves of 725 million tonnes, and 5.6 million tonnes of condensate. Most of those fields are mature ones, and are difficult to recover.
More than half of those are concentrated in two fields: Korolevskoye (55.1 million tonnes) and Kenbai (30.9 million tonnes).
The largest oil field in the West Kazakhstan Province is Karachaganak with recoverable reserves of liquid hydrocarbon feedstock of around 320 million tonnes and over 450 billion cubic meters of natural gas.
In September 2005 the discovery of hydrocarbons was announced in the Fedorovsky block near Karachaganak block; oil and gas condensate reserves are estimated to amount to 200 million tonnes.
Second, due to favourable world market conditions for crude production.
Finally, a large-scale study of the subsoil areas in the Caspian and Aral Seas will contribute to further addition of resources.