The land area is 91,699 square miles (237,500 square kilometers).
The Carpathian Mountains cover about one-third of the country; they surround the Transylvanian Plateau and divide it from the other two main regions: Moldavia in the northeast and Walachia in the south.
An exception is the Hungarian community in Transylvania, which has its own language and traditions and considers itself Hungarian.
The Roma (Gypsies), who are scattered throughout the country, mostly in small camps on the outskirts of towns and cities, are in many ways culturally unassimilated. Romania is in southeastern Europe at the north end of the Balkan peninsula, bordering Ukraine and Moldova to the north, Hungary to the northwest, Serbia to the southwest, Bulgaria to the south, and the Black Sea to the east.
From the 200s through the 1100s, there was a series of invasions by various tribes from the north, including the Magyars and the Saxons.
Ninety percent of the people are Romanian, 7 percent are Hungarian, and 2 percent are Roma.
The remainder is made up of Germans, Ukrainians, and others.
In the late 1700s and early 1800s, the Ottoman Empire was weakened by a series of defeats to the Russians.
In 1821, an uprising in Walachia against the Greek rulers ended in the execution of the Romanian leader Tudor Vladimirescu, which further fanned desires for independence.