The city is home to public and private enterprise in many areas, as Evansville serves as the region's economic hub.A tourist destination, Evansville is home to Tropicana Evansville, the state's first casino, Mesker Park Zoo and Botanic Garden, one of the state's oldest and largest zoos, and sports tourism industry. The University of Evansville is a small private school on the city's east side, while the University of Southern Indiana is a larger public institution just outside the city's westside limits.In 1814, to attract more people, Mc Gary renamed his village "Evansville" in honor of Colonel Robert Morgan Evans.Evansville incorporated in 1817 and became a county seat on January 7, 1818.
It is the commercial, medical, and cultural hub of Southwestern Indiana and the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky tri-state area, home to over 911,000 people.
The 38th parallel crosses the north side of the city and is marked on Interstate 69.
Situated on an oxbow in the Ohio River, the city is often referred to as the "Crescent Valley" or "River City".
There was a continuous human presence in the area that became Evansville from at least 8,000 BC by Paleo-Indians. The land encompassing Evansville was formally relinquished by the Delaware in 1805 to General William Henry Harrison, then governor of the Indiana Territory.
Archaeologists have identified several archaic and ancient sites in and near Evansville, with the most complex at Angel Mounds from about 900 A. French hunters and trappers were among the first Europeans to come to the area, using Vincennes as a base of operations. purchased about 441 acres and named it "Mc Gary's Landing".